Noun the cultivation of trees and shrubs. Those who practice arboriculture are called arborists. Arborists encompass both the physical skills and knowledge needed to successfully care for trees. It's also important to note that arborists are different from landscape designers.
While there are some landscapers who have been trained as arborists, in general the two professions are very different. For more information on that topic, see our article “What's the Difference Between a Landscaper and an Arborist”. Arboriculture is the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other woody perennial plants. It is both a practice and a science.
The science of arboriculture studies how these plants grow and respond to cultural practices and their environment. The practice of arboriculture includes cultural techniques such as selection, planting, training, fertilization, pest and pathogen control, pruning, shaping and disposal. A person who practices or studies arboriculture may be referred to as an “arboriculturist”, “arboriculturist” or “tree surgeon”. Risk management, legal issues and aesthetic considerations have come to play a prominent role in arboriculture practice.
Arboriculture focuses primarily on individual woody plants and trees maintained for landscaping purposes and permanent services, usually in gardens, parks, or other populated environments, by arborists, for the enjoyment, protection and benefit of human beings. Therefore, it is related to, but distinct from, agriculture, horticulture, urban forestry, forestry, forestry and forestry. The science of arboriculture focuses on proper tree planting, pruning, fertilization, water, and other maintenance issues. It also focuses on the overall health of individual trees.
Urban forestry is also a social science, in addition to incorporating arboriculture, and includes management at the landscape level, such as inventory, valuation, planning, policy, etc. The two fields certainly overlap, but the training and practice of both are unique.